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History of Croatia

The territory of Croatia was occupied by the Roman Empire 200 years BC, and divided into the provinces of Pannonia and Dalmatia. After the collapse of the Roman Empire, Slavic Croatian tribes settled in and merged with the native Illyro-Roman population. The new state accepted Christianity around the 9th century, and became a kingdom under King Tomislav. In the first century of the new millennium Croatia entered a union with Hungary, which lasted until the end of the First World War. In the late medieval era the Turks threatened to take over the country, the seriously shaken Hungary and Croatia elected the Habsburg s to the throne, and stopped the Ottoman advance in a struggle lasting till the 18th century. At the same time, Venetian influence was dominant on the west. These territorial struggles shaped the country's borders into an interesting form of a croissant.

A political, economical and cultural revival took place in the 19th century, the Croatian nation received internal autonomy in the last decades.

After the First World War, Croatia joined the creation of a country of the southern Slavs, named Yugoslavia, which lasted until 1991. In the period of the Second World War Croatia became independent under a right-wing regime, highly dependent on the German military support. Croatia was well known for the well organised resistance, a significant contribution to the fall of the fascist regime. After the defeat of the Axis forces, Croatia once again joined Yugoslavia, under communist government of the former resistance leader, Josif Broz Tito. Only a decade after the death of Tito, Croatia voted for independence from the political and economical crisis stricken Yugoslavia, triggering Serbian aggression. The war raged for five years, thousands were killed in battles and ethnic cleansing but the Croatian Army succeeded in defending and retaking the country.

The country is now a multy-party parliamentary democracy, member of the WTO, a candidate for EU and NATO membership.

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