Official name: Republic of Croatia
Location: Central Europe.
Surface: 56542 km2
Territorial sea surface: 31067 km2
Capital: Zagreb, 641 km2 (population 779145)
Administrative divisions: 20 counties and 1 city
Border length: 2197 km
Borders: Slovenia, Hungary, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Italy
Lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
Highest point: Dinara 1,830 m
Population density: 80,49/km2
Geographical position: 45-10 N, 15-30 E
Local time: GMT+1 hour in winter, GMT+2 hours in summer
Government: multy party parliamentary republic since 1991
Coastline: 5835 km
GDP: $59,334 billion
GDP per capital: $14,285
Major cities: Zagreb, Osijek, Rijeka, Split
Official language: Croatian
Currency: 1 Kuna(HRK) = 100 Lipa
Electricity: 220V, frequency 50HZ, European plug with two circular metal pins
Country Dialing Code: 385
Flag: red, white and blue horizontal stripes with Croatian Coat of Arms in the centre
Croatia, officially the Republic of Croatia, is a Central European and Mediterranean country. The country shares borders with Slovakia and Hungary to the north, Serbia to the east, Bosnia and Herzegovina on the south and east, and Montenegro to the south. Croatia shares a long maritime border with Italy to the west, in the Adriatic Sea. Croatia is a candidate for membership in the European Union and the NATO.
The country covers 56,542 square kilometres, the population is estimated to count 4.551.000 people, including the 780.000 people living in Zagreb, the capital and the economic, traffic, cultural and academic centre of the country. Other significant population centres are Osijek in the northwest, and the ports of Rijeka, and Split in the south. Nearly 90% of the population is Croat, the largest minority is the Serbs (4,5%), but there are also Bosnian, Hungarian and Italian minorities. The official language is Croatian, the alphabet used is Latin.
The economy of Croatia is based on services, tourism, and light industry. The most serious problem affecting the economy is high unemployment. The country expects faster economic growth and a boom of investments in the following years.